Aptitude has 15 marks. In that English has 6–7 marks.

Coming to mathematics is asked for 4–5 marks in one marks and 3–4 in two marks. Totally resulting in 10–12 marks. A question from probability and differential equations in two marks is very likely.

Coming to core civil subjects:


Weightage in Marks

 Strength of materials:

 6–8 marks

 Fluid mechanics:  6–8 marks
 Open channel flow:   2–4 marks
 Geotechnical engineering:  10–15 marks
 Transportation engineering:  8–10 marks
 Environmental engineering:  8-12 marks
 Reinforced concrete and prestressed  concrete:  7–10 marks
 Analysis of structures:  6–8 marks
 Irrigation:  3–4 marks
 Hydrology:  4–5 marks
 Surveying and geoinformatics: 
 4–6 marks
 Steel structures:
 2–3 marks
 Steel structures:
 2–3 marks

GATE 2021 Syllabus For Civil Engineering: General Aptitude

This section includes questions based on Verbal Ability and Numerical Ability. The different topics included in the GATE syllabus for General Aptitude are as under:

Verbal Ability

  1. English grammar,
  2. Sentence completion,
  3. Verbal analogies,
  4. Word groups,
  5. Critical reasoning and
  6. Verbal deduction.

Numerical Ability

  1. Computation of numerical values
  2. Estimation of numerical quantities
  3. Numerical reasoning and
  4. Data interpretation.

GATE 2021 Syllabus For Civil Engineering: Engineering Mathematics

The GATE syllabus for Engineering Mathematics is as under:

  • Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; Eigen values and Eigen vectors.
  • Calculus: Functions of single variable; Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value theorems, local maxima, and minima; Taylor series; Evaluation of definite and indefinite integrals, application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities; Directional derivatives; Line, Surface, and Volume integrals.
  • Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE): First order (linear and non-linear) equations; higher order linear equations with constant coefficients; Euler-Cauchy equations; Laplace transform and its application in solving linear ODEs; initial and boundary value problems.
  • Partial Differential Equation (PDE): Fourier series; separation of variables; solutions of onedimensional diffusion equation; first and second order one-dimensional wave equation and two-dimensional Laplace equation.
  • Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems; Conditional probability; Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode, and standard deviation; Random Variables – Discrete and Continuous, Poisson and Normal Distribution; Linear regression.
  • Numerical Methods: Error analysis. Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; Newton’s and Lagrange polynomials; numerical differentiation; Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule; Single and multi-step methods for first-order differential equations.

GATE Syllabus For Civil Engineering Subject-Specific Section

The GATE subject-specific section for Civil Engineering consists of the following:

  1. Structural Engineering
  2. Geotechnical Engineering
  3. Water Resources Engineering
  4. Environmental Engineering
  5. Transportation Engineering
  6. Geomatics Engineering

GATE Syllabus For Civil Engineering 2021: Structural Engineering

The GATE CE 2021 syllabus for Structural Engineering is listed below:

  1. Engineering Mechanics: System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in structures; Frictions and its applications; Centre of mass; Free Vibrations of undamped SDOF system.
  2. Solid Mechanics: Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Simple stress and strain relationships; Theories of failures; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses.
  3. Structural Analysis: Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods; Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables, and frames; Displacement methods: Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis.
  4. Construction Materials and Management: Construction Materials: Structural Steel – Composition, material properties and behaviour; Concrete – Constituents, mix design, short-term and long-term properties. Construction Management: Types of construction projects; Project planning and network analysis – PERT and CPM; Cost estimation.
  5. Concrete Structures: Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of beams, slabs, columns; Bond and development length; Prestressed concrete beams.
  6. Steel Structures: Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and compression members, beams and beam-columns, column bases; Connections – simple and eccentric, beam-column connections, plate girders and trusses; Concept of plastic analysis – beams and frames.

GATE Syllabus For Civil Engineering 2021: Geotechnical Engineering

The GATE CE 2021 syllabus for Geotechnical Engineering is as follows:

  1. Soil Mechanics: Three-phase system and phase relationships, index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability – one dimensional flow, Seepage through soils – two – dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping, capillarity, seepage force; Principle of effective stress and quicksand condition; Compaction of soils; One- dimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Shear Strength, Mohr’s circle, effective and total shear strength parameters, Stress-Strain characteristics of clays and sand; Stress paths.
  2. Foundation Engineering: Sub-surface investigations – Drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories – Rankine and Coulomb; Stability of slopes – Finite and infinite slopes, Bishop’s method; Stress distribution in soils – Boussinesq’s theory; Pressure bulbs, Shallow foundations – Terzaghi’s and Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations – dynamic and static formulae, Axial load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, pile under lateral loading, pile group efficiency, negative skin friction.

GATE Syllabus For Civil Engineering: Water Resources Engineering

The GATE CE 2021 syllabus for Water Resources Engineering is as follows:

  1. Fluid Mechanics: Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum and energy equations and their applications; Potential flow, Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of boundary layer and its growth; Concept of lift and drag.
  2. Hydraulics: Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Channel Hydraulics – Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, hydraulic jump, uniform flow, gradually varied flow and water surface profiles.
  3. Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration,, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, reservoir capacity, flood estimation and routing, surface run-off models, groundwater hydrology – steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcy’s Law.
  4. Irrigation: Types of irrigation systems and methods; Crop water requirements – Duty, delta, evapo-transpiration; Gravity Dams and Spillways; Lined and unlined canals, Design of weirs on permeable foundation; cross drainage structures.

GATE Syllabus For Civil Engineering: Environmental Engineering

The GATE CE 2021 syllabus for Environmental Engineering is as under:

  1. Water and Waste Water Quality and Treatment: Basics of water quality standards – Physical, chemical and biological parameters; Water quality index; Unit processes and operations; Water requirement; Water distribution system; Drinking water treatment. Sewerage system design, quantity of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment. Effluent discharge standards; Sludge disposal; Reuse of treated sewage for different applications.
  2. Air Pollution: Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution meteorology, air pollution control, air quality standards and limits.
  3. Municipal Solid Wastes: Characteristics, generation, collection, and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment, and disposal).

GATE Syllabus For Civil Engineering: Transportation Engineering

The GATE CE 2021 syllabus for Transporation Engineering is given below:

  1. Transportation Infrastructure: Geometric design of highways – cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments. Geometric design of railway Track – Speed and Cant. Concept of airport runway length, calculations, and corrections; taxiway and exit taxiway design.
  2. Highway Pavements: Highway materials – desirable properties and tests; Desirable properties of bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements; Design of flexible and rigid pavement using IRC codes.
  3. Traffic Engineering: Traffic studies on flow and speed, peak hour factor, accident study, statistical analysis of traffic data; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow, fundamental relationships; Traffic signs; Signal design by Webster’s method; Types of intersections; Highway capacity.

GATE Syllabus For Civil Engineering: Geomatics Engineering

The GATE CE 2021 syllabus for Geomatics Engineering is as under:

  1. Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps – scale, coordinate system; Distance and angle measurement – Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves.
  2. Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing: Scale, flying height; Basics of remote sensing, and GIS.

PG specilization

IIT madras

Civil Engg. with specialization in

  • Building Technology and Construction Management
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Hydraulics & Water Res. Engineering
  • Structural Engineering
  • Transportation Engineering

IIT Kanpur

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Geoinformatics
  • Geothechnical Engineering
  • Hydraulics and Water Resources Engineering
  • Infrastructure Engineering and Management
  • Structural Engineering
  • Transportation Engineering

IIT kharagpur

  • Hydraulic and Water Resources Engg
  • Environmental Engg, and Management
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Structural Engineering

IIT Bombay

  • Transportation Systems Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Water Resources Engineering
  • Structural Engineering
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Remote Sensing
  • Construction Technology And Management

IIT Hyderabad

  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Water Resources Engineering
  • Structural Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering

IIT guwahati

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Infrastructure Engineering and Management
  • Structural Engineering
  • Transportation Systems Engineering
  • Water Resources Engineering and Management
  • Earth System Science and Engineering

IIT roorkee

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Hydraulic Engineering
  • Geomatics Engineering
  • Structural Engineering
  • Transportation Engineering

IIT roopar

  • Water Resources and Environment

IIT  Bhubaneswar

  • Structural Engineering
  • Transportation Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Water Resources Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering

IIT Gandhinagar

  • structural Engineering
  • Geotechnical Engineering
  • Water Resources.

IIT Jodhpur

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Energy

IIT patna

  • Civil & Infrastructure Engineering

IIT Indore

  • Structural Engineering

IIT (BHU) Varanasi

  • Hydraulics and Water Resources Engg.,
  • Geotechnical Engineering, 
  • Structural Engineering, 
  • Environmental Engineering, 
  • Transportation Engineering, 
  • Engineering Geosciences 
  • Geoinformatics Engineering

IIT Palakkad

  • Geotechnical Engineering

IIT (ISM) Dhanbad

  • Structural Engineering, 
  • Water Resources Engineering, 
  • Environmental Engineering, 
  • Geotechnical Engineering 
  • Transportation Engineering.

IISC bangalore

  • Geotechnical Engineering 
  • Water Resources and Environmental Engineering 
  • Structural Engineering 
  • Transportation Systems Engineering